HAIT Journal of Science and Engineering B|
Volume 2, Issues 1-2, pp. 168-207
© 2005 Holon Academic Institute of Technology
Cloud modification for rain enhancement
1George S. Wise Faculty of Natural Sciences|
Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69978 Israel
2Institute for Hydrometeorology
37 Nauki St., Kiev-28, 03028 MSP, Ukraine
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received 17 July 2004, revised 18 September 2004, accepted 5 January 2005
The paper summarizes the results of the longtime cloud modification experimental research in Moldova and Ukraine aimed at rain enhancement. The research enabled to develop a unique technology of cloud seeding that provided significant rain augmentation from clouds of different types. The basic principle of the technology lies in selecting seeding target sites within cloud systems based on data related to its structure, evolution stage, and microphysical parameters at the time of supposed seeding. It was shown that the efficiency increases considerably if the seeding is performed precisely into the layer whose microphysical characteristics are appropriate for the transformations needed for rain production, namely, crystallization of droplet water and an abrupt increase in crystal concentration by 1-2 orders of magnitude. It was also shown that violation of this principle reduces seeding efficiency to the levels that make it economically senseless.
Keywords: rainfall, precipitation, clouds, cloud modification.